La presente informativa è resa, anche ai sensi dell’art. 13 del D. Lgs. 196/2003 “Codice in materia di protezione dei dati personali” (“Codice Privacy”) 
e degli artt. 13 e 14 del Regolamento (UE) 2016/679 (“GDPR”), a coloro che si collegano alla presente edizione online del giornale Tribuna Economica di proprietà di AFC Editore Soc. Coop. 

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Sweden has still not implemented reforms to its Penal Code initially recommended by the OECD Working Group on Bribery in June 2012. Sweden’s legal provisions on corporate liability do not meet the requirements of the OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions.

As a result, the Working Group is concerned about how effectively Sweden is able to investigate and sanction companies that bribe foreign public officials to obtain advantages in international business, such as foreign government procurement contracts in the building, transportation and information technology sectors.

 

Currently, Sweden’s maximum fine for corporations that engage in international bribery is only 10 million Swedish Krona (approximately 1.2 million Euros), an amount considered inadequate by the Working Group, in view of the size of the Swedish economy, sectors of business activity, and trade and investment partners. The Working Group is concerned that in practice companies may not be held liable for foreign bribery unless individuals are prosecuted and convicted. This practice is not always appropriate, such as when the individuals have absconded or died. The Working Group stresses its recommendation that Sweden ensure that companies can be held responsible for international bribery committed by employees under the direction or authorisation of senior managers, or when senior managers fail to prevent employees from bribing.  The current law also contains potential loopholes that could enable Swedish companies to avoid liability by using foreign nationals to engage in bribery.