La presente informativa è resa, anche ai sensi dell’art. 13 del D. Lgs. 196/2003 “Codice in materia di protezione dei dati personali” (“Codice Privacy”) 
e degli artt. 13 e 14 del Regolamento (UE) 2016/679 (“GDPR”), a coloro che si collegano alla presente edizione online del giornale Tribuna Economica di proprietà di AFC Editore Soc. Coop. 

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Small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs – up to 249 persons employed) are considered as a driver of the economy of the European Union (EU), creating jobs and contributing to economic growth. They also substantially contribute to trade within the EU. 98% of companies trading goods within the EU are SMEs, including around 70% that are micro-enterprises (up to 9 persons employed). SMEs are responsible for half the

value of the intra-EU trade in goods. In detail, they account for 51% of intra-EU imports and 45% of intra-EU exports. On the occasion of the European SME week, which aims topromote entrepreneurship, Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, publishes data on enterprises broken down by employment size classes, with a special focus on the importance of small and medium enterprises in intra-EU trade.

SMEs contribute the most to intra-EU exports in Cyprus and Latvia, the least in France.   In five Member States, SMEs generate more than two-thirds of the total value of intra-EU exports of goods: Cyprus (88%) and Latvia (81%), followed by Belgium (70%), Estonia (68%) and the Netherlands (67%). At the opposite end of the spectrum, SMEs account for less than one third of intra-EU export value in France (21%), Germany (26%), Slovakia (30%) and Ireland (32%), followed by Poland (35%), the Czech Republic (36%) and Finland (38%). From all SME size classes, micro-enterprises are the largest contributors to intra-EU exports in six Member States: Belgium (where micro-enterprises account for 46% of total intra-EU export value), Malta (37% in 2013), Hungary (26%), the United Kingdom (23%), Romania and Sweden (both 19%). In contrast, in ten Member States they generate less than 10% of total value: France, Germany, Finland (all around 4%), as well as the Czech Republic, Italy (both around 5%), Poland (6%), Denmark (8%), Slovakia, Luxembourg (both around 9%) and Portugal (10%). In all Member States, more than 90% of enterprises exporting intra-EU are SMEs, ranging from 90% in the Czech Republic to over 99% in Slovenia.

 

Highest share of intra-EU imports by SMEs in Latvia and Cyprus.  In the vast majority of Member States, at least half the value of intra-EU imports of goods comes from SMEs. In particular, SMEs are responsible for more than three-quarters of total import value in Latvia (85%), Cyprus (82%), Estonia (79%), Lithuania (78%) and Malta (77% in 2013). Only in France (31%), Germany (34%), the Czech Republic (47%), Slovakia (48%) and Poland (49%), SMEs account for less than half of the imports. From all SME size classes, micro-enterprises are the largest contributors to intra-EU imports in five Member States: Malta (where micro-enterprises accounted for 45% of total intra-EU imports value in 2013), Belgium (38%), Sweden (25%), Hungary (23%) and the United Kingdom (21%). In contrast, in five Member States they generate less than 10% of total value: in France, Germany, the Czech Republic (all around 7%), Italy (9%) and Poland (10%). Just as for exports, more than 90% of enterprises importing intra-EU are SMEs in all Member States, ranging from 91% in the Czech Republic to almost 100% in Belgium.