La presente informativa è resa, anche ai sensi dell’art. 13 del D. Lgs. 196/2003 “Codice in materia di protezione dei dati personali” (“Codice Privacy”) 
e degli artt. 13 e 14 del Regolamento (UE) 2016/679 (“GDPR”), a coloro che si collegano alla presente edizione online del giornale Tribuna Economica di proprietà di AFC Editore Soc. Coop. 

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The European Banking Authority (EBA) published an Opinion on the nature of passport notifications of payment institutions (PIs) and electronic money institutions (EMIs) using agents and distributors located in another Member State. The Opinion provides clarity on the

criteria that national competent authorities (NCAs) should use for determining when the use of an agent or distributor triggers an ‘establishment' of the appointing institution in the host Member State or falls under the free provision of services.

The Opinion addresses a number of questions that the EBA has received from market participants and NCAs regarding the criteria for determining when agents and distributors of PIs and EMIs are ‘establishments' in accordance with applicable EU law and the case-law of the European Court of Justice. It also clarifies the consequences that the existence of an ‘establishment' has on the obligations applicable to PIs and EMIs under the Electronic Money Directive, the Payment Services Directive and the Anti-money Laundering Directive, and on the allocation of responsibilities between the home and host NCAs.

The Opinion is addressed to national competent authorities. However, given the supervisory expectations it conveys, it could also prove useful for PIs and EMIs providing services on a cross-border basis within the EU.