La presente informativa è resa, anche ai sensi dell’art. 13 del D. Lgs. 196/2003 “Codice in materia di protezione dei dati personali” (“Codice Privacy”) 
e degli artt. 13 e 14 del Regolamento (UE) 2016/679 (“GDPR”), a coloro che si collegano alla presente edizione online del giornale Tribuna Economica di proprietà di AFC Editore Soc. Coop. 

Leggi di più

Significant differences can be observed across the European Union (EU) regarding the sector in which government debt is held. Among Member States for which data are available, the share of government debt held by the (resident) financial corporations sector

at the end of 2019 was highest in Denmark (74%), followed by Sweden (73%), Croatia (67%) and Italy (63%). In contrast, the largest proportion of debt held by non-residents was recorded in Cyprus (80%), ahead of Lithuania (76%), Latvia (74%) and Estonia (70%). Generally, across the EU, less than 10% of debt was held by the resident non-financial sectors (non-financial corporations, households and non-profit institutions serving households), with the noticeable exceptions of Hungary (28%), Malta (26%), Portugal (15%) and Ireland (11%).

Highest shares of short-term initial maturity in Sweden, Portugal and Italy.    With 21% of total government debt having a term below one year, Sweden registered the highest proportion of short-term initial maturities of debt among the Member States at the end of 2019, ahead of Portugal (18%), Italy (15%), Hungary and Denmark (both 11%). At the opposite end of the scale, almost all of the debt (more than 98%) was made up of long-term maturities in Lithuania, Bulgaria, Poland, Slovakia and Czechia.

General government gross debt mainly financed by debt securities in most Member States.   At the end of 2019, debt securities were the main financial instrument in almost all Member States. Czechia (92% of total general government debt), recorded the highest percentage, ahead of Hungary, Slovenia and Spain (all 87%), Malta and France (both 86%). In contrast, loans largely prevailed in Estonia (88%) and Greece (81%). The use of loans was also relatively high in Cyprus (41%), Sweden (33%), Croatia (29%), Luxembourg (28%) and Portugal (27%). Currency and deposits generally made up a relatively small share of debt, except in Portugal (13%), Ireland (11%) and Italy (9%).