La presente informativa è resa, anche ai sensi dell’art. 13 del D. Lgs. 196/2003 “Codice in materia di protezione dei dati personali” (“Codice Privacy”) 
e degli artt. 13 e 14 del Regolamento (UE) 2016/679 (“GDPR”), a coloro che si collegano alla presente edizione online del giornale Tribuna Economica di proprietà di AFC Editore Soc. Coop. 

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In the fourth quarter of 2021, the EU seasonally adjusted current account of the balance of payments recorded a surplus of €49.6 billion (1.3% of GDP), down from a surplus of €69.6 billion (1.9% of GDP) in the third quarter of 2021 and down from a surplus of €125.4 billion (3.6% of GDP) in the fourth quarter of 2020, according to estimates released by Eurostat,

the statistical office of the European Union. In the fourth quarter of 2021 compared with the third quarter of 2021, based on seasonally adjusted data, the surplus of the goods account decreased (+€10.0 bn compared to +€53.8 bn), while the surplus of the services account increased (+€54.1 bn compared to +€26.8 bn). The surplus of the primary income account decreased (+€1.8 bn compared to +€5.6 bn), as did the deficit of the secondary income account (-€16.4 bn compared to -€16.5 bn). The capital account turned from a surplus to a deficit (-€11.4 bn compared to +€1.3 bn).

Main partners.     In the fourth quarter of 2021, based on non-seasonally adjusted data, the EU recorded external current account surpluses with the United Kingdom (+€46.8 bn), the USA (+€24.0 bn), Switzerland (+€22.6 bn), Canada (+€5.3 bn), Brazil (+€5.0 bn), Hong Kong (+€4.7 bn), Japan (+€3.3 bn) and India (+€1.5 bn). Deficits were registered with China (-€43.5 bn), Russia (-€16.0 bn) and offshore financial centres (-€12.3 bn).

Financial account.     Based on non-seasonally adjusted data, direct investment assets of the EU decreased in the fourth quarter of 2021 by €13.0 bn, as did direct investment liabilities by €65.0 bn. As a result, the EU was a net direct investor to the rest of the world in the fourth quarter of 2021 by €51.9 bn. Portfolio investment recorded a net outflow of €94.5 bn and for other investment there was a net inflow of €194.6 bn.

Current account of Member States (including intra-EU flows).     As concerns the total (intra-EU plus extra-EU) current account balances of the EU Member States, based on available non-seasonally adjusted data, thirteen Member States recorded surpluses and fourteen recorded deficits in the fourth quarter of 2021. The highest surpluses were observed in Germany (+€65.2 bn), the Netherlands (+€15.2 bn), Denmark (+€9.4 bn) and Sweden (+€6.8 bn). The largest deficits were recorded for Belgium (-€6.2 bn), Greece (-€5.2 bn), Poland (-€4.7 bn) and Romania (-€4.4 bn).